Venus Express Sends First Color Images
from Venus: the "Hyperdimensional Planet" ....
After a quick interplanetary journey of 153 days (below), Europe's latest unmanned foray across the solar system -- an ambitious mission called "Venus Express" -- successfully retrorocketed into orbit around the second planet out from the Sun, early Tuesday morning, April 11th. Venus has historically been called a "twin" of Earth -- because it is almost the same size (95%) and mass (81%) as our own planet. Its history and evolution are considered critical windows to the origin and evolution of other inner solar system worlds, including Earth.
It was only after the Space Age dawned, however, and the first unmanned NASA probe, Mariner 2, flew by Venus in 1962, that it was confirmed that the planet is anything but a terrestrial "twin" or "sister planet" ... that Venus, in fact, possesses an environment which the late Carl Sagan aptly described as "the closest physical environment meeting the classic descriptions of 'Hell' we are likely to encounter in our lifetime ...."
The Venus Express Mission, over the coming two years, promises to literally "lift the veil" on many of the truly baffling mysteries confronting planetary scientists about this highly enigmatic, perpetually cloud-shrouded neighboring world:
Why (compared to the other inner solar system planets) does Venus rotate backwards underneath those clouds ... and so slowly -- once every 243 days (compared to its 225-day orbit of the sun, its "year" -- below))?; yet, why does its atmosphere (and the clouds) rotate even faster ... also backwards ... in only 4 days -- some 60 times the rate of the planet it envelopes!?
Where is the "excess energy" -- required to constantly accelerate this enormous mass of rapidly spinning "air" ... 60 times faster than the planet rotating underneath it -- coming from!?
Why does this radically-behaving Venusian atmosphere also possess many times the mass, and over 90 times the pressure of Earth's atmosphere (equivalent to half a mile down in a terrestrial ocean!) on the surface of the planet?; and why (unlike Earth's "80/20 percent mix of nitrogen and oxygen"), is this Venusian atmosphere composed almost entirely (96%) of unbreathable carbon dioxide, and nitrogen (3%) -- complete with sulphuric acid rain -- and, at a "molton metal temperature" of almost 900 degrees F.?!
In its planned ~500-day nominal mission (spanning two Venusian' "days" ...), the sophisticated instruments carried aboard Venus Express are expected to return -- after almost a 20-year hiatus in missions sent specifically to this "sister world" to address these pivotal questions -- fundamental new scientific data capable (it is hoped ...) of finally answering many of these baffling Venusian enigmas.
Venus Express' initial 9-day, highly eccentric trajectory will take the ~2800-lb spacecraft (which includes the ~200 lbs of scientific instruments, and ~1200 lbs of orbit-changing fuel) as close as 155 miles above Venus' north pole ... and more than 200,000 miles above the opposite south pole (below).
The reason for this highly elongated, initial "capture" orbit is to acquire "synoptic data" on the southern hemisphere of the entire planet -- as viewed from the high point of that orbit (extending almost as far out as the Moon is from the Earth). This will be accomplished via the multiple cameras, spectrometers and other instruments on-board Venus Express ... before the orbit is drastically reduced, by timed rocket firings commanded by the ESA controllers in the next few weeks, to a much smaller orbital ellipse -- by May 7th, ultimately measuring about 155 miles by 40,000 miles.
In this "final science orbit," the Venus Express spacecraft will be able to view most of the northern hemisphere "up close" -- before swinging out to about 40,000 miles over the southern hemisphere. This will allow both high-resolution, detailed observations of key northern hemisphere atmospheric and surface features and phenomena ( through IR "holes in the clouds") -- such as the highest mountain on Venus, called "Maxwell Montes" -- as well as one of its enigmatic, northern hemisphere "semi-continents," known as "Ishtar Terra."
Altrnativelty, when it has swung out to its farthest distance of about 40,000 miles over the southern hemisphere, the instruments aboard Venus Express will be able to take more synoptic readings of a much larger surface area -- for context comparisons with the detailed views acquired half an orbit earlier.
The spacecraft will take only about 24 hours to complete a survey of the sub-orbital "strip" directly below the spacecraft, as seen from orbit -- a period specifically designed to fit the rotation of the ESA tracking stations (radio antennae), on a rotating Earth, into synchronization with the Venus-orbitng/scanning spacecraft -- as ESA listens and records the downlinked scientific and engineering data coming back via the Venus Express' telemetery.
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It was from near the high point of this initial, 9-day orbit, on April 12th (from about 128,000 miles -- a distance of about half way to our Moon) that Venus Express sent to Earth its first historic images from Venus -- including, two highly intriguing color and false-color views of the southern Venusian pole and remarkable atmospheric dynamics.
The first image (below) is from the Visible and Infrared Thermal Imaging Spectrometer (VIRTIS). The visible part of the composite (left) shows the sunlit southern hemisphere with a yellowing streamer of cloud winding half way around the planet toward the southern rotational pole.
The other half of this ESA composite image (right) is a false-color view of the nightside of Venus -- taken in the infrared. The brightly glowing bands still seen winding inward toward the dark rotational polar "vortex," are caused by intervening clouds seen silhouetted against Venus' highly heated ~900-degree F. surface! Where the image is dark, the clouds are thick, blocking the high radiant surface heat; where the clouds are thin, more heat from the shimmering cauldron undermeath the clouds is visibly escaping ... in part, captured by the Venus Express VIRTIS instrument 128,000 miles above.
Of high scientific interest already is the dark "polar voretex" of inward swirling clouds seen precisely over Venus' rotational axis. By studying time-lapse images taken with the (obviously high-quality) VIRTIS instrument over the next few days, the ESA scientists focusing on atmospheric dynamics will be able to study at least one full, 4-day retrograde rotation of the entire Venusian atmosphere ... before Venus Express even completes its own first 9-day orbit of the planet!
After it settles into its much smaller and faster science orbit, the VIRTIS instrument will be able to image both poles every 12 hours, thus tracking the detailed movement and development of the cloud features rushing in, in hope of contributing to the uravelling of the TOTALLY mysterious "super rotation" of the entire Venusian atmosphere.
The second image now sent back to Earth by Venus Express (below) is from the wider-angle Venus Monitoring Camera (VMC). Taken in ultraviolet light, it previews the horizon-to-horizon wide-angle views it will be taking of the total Venusian planetary atmospheric dynamics -- after the spacecraft orbit has been reduced to it's final operating altitude.
This image, too, shows the swirl of bright, opaque clouds sweeping in toward the southern pole ....
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Some new to Enterprise may have noted the potentiually curious reference in our title, to Venus being a "hyprdimensional" planet.
The fact that both NASA and ESA scientists still find Venus' retrograde, atmospheric "super-rotation" to be a continuing scientific mystery ("... it's really embarrassing how little we know," University of Michigan planetary scientist, Stephen Bougher admitted in a recent Washington Post article. "The cloud top winds are so strong on a planet that rotates so slowly. Why?") -- and has been going on over two entire generations of space missions. -- would indicate that the real explanation for this "impossible" phenomenon might lie in Venus itself.
In its ability to, somehow, "gain access to an unseen, currently unacknowledged, additional source of energy ..." (in addition to the well-known solar heating of its atmosphere, and Venus imparting to that atmosphere part of its own rotational momentum ...).
And that, of course, directly brings in a "Hyperdimensional Physics" explanation.
This HD Theory -- vis a vis the Planet Venus -- can first be tested viaVenus Express, simply by its remeasuring more accurate locations for the previously-known ancient volcanoes, mapped on the Venusian surface (via NASA's Magellan Mission over a decade ago) using radar through the clouds. These new Venus Express measurements, by (in the Model) simply confirming this earlier Venus mapping, would also immediately cofirm the "inscribed tetrahedral model" for "HD Planetary Physics and Surface Signatures due to Upwellings" ... cartainly, as it applies to Venus.
This test can easily be carried out as part of the normally planned Venus Express surface observations -- as the spacecraft will already be looking through certain "windows" in the atmospheric transmission bands of infrared radiation coming from the surface heat ... and determining more accurate positions via infrared, of ALL the surface features currently located on Venusian gedetic maps via Magellan's radar.
"Infrared radiation" ... that we already know (courtesy of the VIRTIS image, above) this VIRTIS instrument can easily detect ... and through this Venus atmosphere.
Via other instruments on-board Venus Express (above) -- such as an atmospheric analysis instrument called "the Planetary Fourier Spectrometer" (PFS) -- the existence of CURRENT volcanic activity on Venus could also be detected! This, through the near-real-time, localized atmospheric composition PFS measurements to be made over known volcanic regions established via previous missions, as well as the on-orbit VMC and VIRTIS camera observations.
Any current upwelling "hotspot" activity detected on Venus via this new Mission -- if the HD Model is the underlying mechanism shaping the Venus surface we now see (as, it appears to be an "operative planetary evolutionary mechanism" throughout the rest of the solar system ...) -- means these new Venus Express volcano measurements must confirm the "inscribed tetrahedral upwelling model" already seen operating on "Earth," "Mars," "Jupiter," etc., etc. ...
A major, related prediction of the HD Model is that Venus owes her cerruent high surface temperatures "primarily, not to external 'greenhouse effects' from 'sunlight trapped by the high-density, CO2 Venusian atmosphere ..." but "to an almost runaway,internal HD source!"
The first clue is this MAJOR, retrograde rotation of the entire planet -- coupled with that sixty times faster "super -rotation" of the planetary atmosphere above it ... strongly indicating that "something" is dumping massive amounts of "additional angular momentum" into the entire Venus system ... and, its being manifesting first as "an accelerating kinetic energy, involving the gross motion of the entire planetary atmosphere"
If this is indeed taking place -- if this"excess energy" somehow being currently transmitted into Venus, is first revealing itself in the form of an impossible "atmospheric super-rotation" -- its appearance within the solid planet could also be recognized ... via another elementary signature,. "additional entropic dissipation" .... I.e.:
Current, massive internal heating of Venus!
The Venus Express test for this hypothesis will be the discovery, not just of a few currently active volcanic plumes (and, at "tetrahedral latitudes"), but surface and underground evidence of currently high, INTERNAL Venusian temperature ... increasing rapidly with depth--
All over the Planet!
Then, there's the mysterious "locking" of the backward rotation of Venus to the forward orbital motion of the Earth around the Sun; every two years -- when Venus and Earth are lined up closest to each other, in a direct line with the Sun -- Venus has also turned on its own axis exactly 3 times .. meaning that, the SAME hemisphere of Venus is ALSO directly lined up with the Earth! It's called a "3:2 resonance."
And NO ONE, in the American or European planetary science communities, has the faintest clue as to the reason "why" ....
Or ... a plausible, 3-D "celestial mechanics-type" explanation (it's NOT a "tidal effect"; the gravitational forces between the two planets are orders of magnitude too small ...) for how this "invisible ... yet somehow 'connected' planetary rotational physics" could actually be work!ing.
No one, that is, but the proponents of the HD Model.
The answer's obvious:
Venus' backward rotation ... rotation ... rotation.
" ... higher-level, hyperdimensional rotation (beyond this dimension), creating resonant rotational (torquing) forces projected into this dimension via the intervening medium of the aether ... thus, encouraging a "lower-level" (3-D) synchronization of the inertial rotational/orbit relationships of both objects, Earth and Venus ... and their satellites.
These HD rotational effects were first confirmed via the Enterprise's on-going "accutron measurement tests," being conducted currently at Coral Castle, in southern Florida. Most notably, these predicted "rotational effects" were strikingly apparent as changes in the frequency (constrained rotation) of the tuning fork in an Accutron watch -- recorded during the recent (2004) Summer Transit of Venus across the face of the Sun (see data, below).
These strikingly anomalous "rotational effects" were again confirmed during a later, partial solar eclipse taking place in Florida -- when the eclipse track took the Moon's shadow over Coral Castle (and the Accutron instrumentation) in the Spring of 2005 ....
If Venus and the Moon have the power, somehow, to "reach out" -- the former, across 25 million miles of "empty" space in the Summer of 2004 -- and visibly affect the miniscule rotational vibration (above) of an Accutron watch (!) ... what far greater power does its Hyperdimensional Influence have upon the entire, rotating Earth ... and, vice versa?
And -- how can Venus Express now test this MAJOR "rotational interaction effect," predicted by the HD Physics Hypothesis?
This time, from a new spacecraft ....
Orbiting Venus itself !?
Stay tuned ....