Part Two: The Meteorology
By Richard C. Hoagland
© 2004 The
How does a hurricane “work?”
In traditional meteorological theory, it is hot westward
blowing winds coming off the Sahara Desert in northern Africa – after being
“uplifted” over the mountains lying in Ethiopia -- that subsequently flow out
over the Atlas Mountains in Northern Morocco … and out over the warm, moist
equatorial waters west of the “Dark Continent,” as a series of turbulent eddies
and unstable atmospheric waves (below). These
unstable air currents subsequently spawn massive thunderstorms over the warm
ocean waters west of
“Tropical depressions” form low pressure centers and begin to rotate slowly around these centers for two reasons: 1) the energetic convective activity (rising and falling air) in the vigorous tropical thunderstorms west of Africa creates a region of lower atmospheric pressure ... which outside air rushes in to try to equalize; 2) that inward rushing air inevitably spins faster as it approaches the low pressure center, due to so-called “Coriolis forces” (caused by the rotation of the Earth itself -- below). This is coupled with another physical effect called “conservation of angular momentum” (the same phenomenon exhibited by skaters when they pull in their arms, and thus spin faster) – the tighter the winds swirl around the center, the faster they must spin ....
This warm, upwardly rising ocean air leaves below it a region of increasingly low pressure … which more in rushing ocean air attempts to equalize. As the original water vapor-laden air rises higher, it also gets cooler … and eventually the moisture it contains condenses out and falls as massive rain. In the process of condensing, this rain releases “latent heat” into the surrounding air, heating it even more, so it rises faster, and more outside air has to rush in below to equalize the even more rapidly decreasing pressure. This, in turn, accelerates the inward spin and upward motion of the rotating mass of air as more rising moisture condenses, releasing more rainfall ... which releases more latent heat, etc., etc., etc. ….
This highly interrelated process – rising winds … buoyant air … lower surface pressure -- rapidly becomes self-reinforcing … resulting in the by now unfortunately all-too-familiar picture (below)!
Eventually, the spin rate of this “organized,” moisture-laden air exceeds 39 mph (I wonder who picked THAT intriguing “magic” number …) and our unnamed “tropical depression” officially becomes a named “tropical storm.”
As this convective/spinning “positive feedback loop” continues, eventually the wind speeds around the circumference of the center “eye” -- composed of monstrously towering thunderstorms and constantly condensing water -- exceeds 74 miles per hour (below) … and our “tropical storm” at this point is officially declared a full-fledged hurricane.
The “Category” into which a hurricane is placed by the National Hurricane Center is rated according to the rotating sustained winds around the central “eye” (above). “Category 5” is the maximum wind rating on the current “Saffir-Simpson” scale -- although Hurricane Andrew was reported to have come ashore with sustained winds of over 200 miles per hour … before the anemometers at Homestead Air Force Base were destroyed.
Again, in conventional meteorological theory, since this immense power ultimately comes from warm, evaporating ocean water … once the storm hits (literally) “dry land,” it is deprived of its primary energy source and must inevitably wind down … but not before doing incalculable damage to lives and property ashore ….
So, where does our Hyperdimensional Model come into play in this scenario?
Hyperdimensional Physics is essentially a physics of rotation.
In a Category 5 hurricane, a massive amount of air and water is being rotated at high velocity around a circumference ranging from a few hundred miles (for the highest Category 5 sustained winds around the “eyewall”), to over a thousand miles (the circumference in a Category 5 storm where the winds fall below a Category 1). This is a volume (if the storm’s height is modeled as a flattened donut, stretching up to over 40,000 feet – below) totaling approximately two million cubic miles (!) of howling wind and water ….
In the Hyperdimensional Model, rotating masses act differently than masses which are not rotating; and this is especially true when their interactions take place in a gravitational field. These major dynamic anomalies – which completely contradict both Newtonian Mechanics and Einstein’s Relativity -- have been confirmed in a series of remarkable laboratory experiments carried out over 30 years ago by the late physicist, Dr. Bruce DePalma.
The most classic of these, dubbed “DePalma’s Spinning Ball Experiment,” involved the simultaneous ejection, via an angled spring mechanism, of two steel “pinballs” – one non-rotating, and one spinning at ~27,000 rpm (below). As DePalma himself described it:
“Basically, the spinning object going higher than the identical non-rotating control, with the same initial velocity, and then falling faster than the identical non-rotating control, presents a dilemma which can only be resolved or understood on the basis of radically new concepts in physics -- concepts so radical that only the heretofore not-understood results of other experiments (the elastic collision of a rotating and an identical non-rotating object, et al.), and new conceptions of physics growing out of the many discussions and correspondence pertaining to rotation, inertia, gravity, and motion in general [can explain this effect]….”
Leaving aside, for the moment, the theoretical explanations for DePalma’s astonishing experimental results, it can be seen on the graph that the spinning mass flies higher, faster ... and falls farther, faster … than the non-spinning mass. As DePalma noted -- this completely violates the “normal” rules of all the physics we’ve been taught!
Again, this is not “theory”... this is the result of careful, repeated laboratory experiments -- carried out by a world-class physicist from MIT and Harvard ….
So, how does this apply to spinning hurricanes?
As we have shown, the standard model for the enormous, rotating “engine” of a hurricane says that it is initiated by heated, rising air. This air, in turn, is lifted by its “hot air balloon-like” buoyancy against the force of gravity (the red “convective towers” – below right).
But, what if “heat” wasn’t the only way to lift that air? What if another “force” could intervene after the warm air was already rotating and rising … and resulted in the same accelerated upward motion of the rotating mass of air and water in the hurricane as DePalma repeatedly measured in his “spinning ball” laboratory data …?
If DePalma’s startling results are accurate, and “spinning masses” in fact rise higher (for a given upward force, and in the same gravitational field) compared to non-spinning masses -- then in a vast, spinning hurricane -- with horizontal howling winds approaching 200 miles per hour circling the “eye” – there should be a small but measurable additional upwardly directed force assisting the already present warm air “buoyancy effect.”
The higher the Category storm, the larger this “assisting force” should be … until, at some point on the Saffir-Simpson Scale, the added buoyancy from this mysterious “spin energy” approaches that same level of "lifting force" being liberated by the latent heat from the water condensation in the hurricane….
It is at that point – apparently at Category 5 – that a remarkable geometric control of this accelerated, rising air could become visible against the normal “entropic” background thermal motions of the storm … resulting in the remarkably geometric “eye” that NOAA photographed in Isabel, in 2003 (below).
It is this stunning “eye geometry,” impressed on the highly visible atmospheric “tracer” -- the condensing clouds of water vapor in the very center of the storm – which confirms, like the impossibly regular geometry also seen around Jupiter’s and Saturn’s poles, that this can only be a hyperdimensional phenomenon….